Logical Fallacies

, posted

In order to get better at reasoning, I decided to go through some books on the topic. So last month I started with The Fallacy Detective by Nathaniel Bluedorn. Right now I’m reading Logically Fallacious by Bo Bennett as a follow up. Logical Fallacies are associated with informal logic, or reasoning to be precise.

Let’s dive further into the nitty gritty of it. The Fallacy is defined as:

A fallacy is a mistake in reasoning or argumentation that can lead to incorrect conclusions.

Take this scenario for example:

Dad: People just don’t use their heads anymore

Johnny: I don’t know about that, Dad. I use my head a lot playing soccer

Dad and Johnny are talking about two different ways of using heads. The fallacy in this example is called Fallacy of Equivocation, where the same term is used with different meanings.

A logical fallacy is like a mistake in how we think or argue. It is something that seems true or makes sense, but it is actually wrong. It can trick us into believing something that isn’t right. It’s important to avoid these fallacies and think carefully to make sure our ideas and arguments are correct.

Logical fallacies are often used by advertising agencies, governments & other people in authority to manipulate or exploit masses for their advantage.

Therefore, it becomes very important to spot the fallacies in one’s reasoning, thinking, or someone’s argument. By being aware of logical fallacies, we can protect ourselves from being misled or deceived.

List of Fallacies

There are numerous logical fallacies, and it is difficult to provide an exact number as new ones may be identified or categorized over time. However, there are commonly recognized and studied fallacies that can be grouped into different categories.

I have compiled a list of logical fallacies below, providing a brief summary and an example for each. This can serve as a handy cheat sheet for future reference.

Avoiding the Question

Making Assumptions

Statistical Fallacies


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